The core component of the graduate Cognitive Neuroscience Admitting Program (CNAP)is an intensive two-year sequence intended to prepare each student for independent research in cognitive neuroscience. As indicated below in detail, during the first year all students will take a core curriculum centered on a year-long core course in cognitive neuroscience (“Principles of Cognitive Neuroscience I and II”). The first year also includes three laboratory rotations (fall, spring, and summer semesters) that should be in three different sub-disciplines of the field, as well as training in ethics and scientific presentation. Students will be expected to declare a departmental affiliation by December of their second year.
During the second year of the program, students will take electives pertinent to the area of their expressed interest and the department with which they have affiliated, as well as having the option to complete an additional lab rotation, which can be in the lab in which they see as likely to carry out their primary thesis work, or in an additional lab.
By December of the second year each student will be expected to formally identify a primary and a secondary mentor for his/her thesis work. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the Program, the two mentors will generally be in two different sub-disciplines. The principal reason for this requirement is that such interdisciplinary collaboration will inevitably be required in cognitive neurosciences in the foreseeable future. Examples of these cross-cutting interests might be: 1) a primary mentor in human cognitive psychology and a secondary mentor in brain imaging; 2) a primary mentor in cognitive brain imaging and a secondary mentor in biomedical engineering 3) a primary mentor in philosophy of mind and a secondary in neuropsychology. Obviously, many other such combinations are possible. It will be the explicit job of the Director of Graduate Studies and of the Program Steering Committee (see below) to make sure that each specific combination makes sense for the individual student and that together the mentors have an appropriate level and combination of training experience. The Program Steering Committee will formally review the progress of each trainee at the end of each semester.
Once the selection of mentors and department has been made the student should meet with the Director of Graduate Studies of the declared department and begin to fulfill the requirements towards the Ph.D. Agreements have been made between the CN Admitting Program and many participating departments to adjust the departmental requirements to accommodate the CN requirements.
First Year Advising
The Director of Graduate Studies (DGS), Dr. Liz Brannon, runs the Program, guided by a Program Steering Committee comprised of faculty members from various participating departments. Ms. Tanya Schreiber (firstname.lastname@example.org) is the program coordinator and is responsible for keeping student records and organizing the details of the participants’ involvement in the program. In general, she is the person to see first about logistical questions or problems.
First-year students are advised by the DGS, who will help students select appropriate course work and rotations and give general advice until the primary and secondary thesis advisors have been chosen. Students first meet with the DGS at the time of matriculation; subsequent meetings are usually held at the end of each semester/summer session. The program coordinator, Ms. Schreiber, will schedule these meetings, but students are free to request a meeting at any time. After a thesis committee is identified, this group assumes the major responsibility for advising students, although the DGS and the Steering Committee will continue to monitor each student’s progress and be available to deal with any problems that arise.
In addition to the DGS, a faculty ombudsperson, specifically meant to be an advocate for students, is available to advise and counsel students in all years through the Graduate School Office if a problem arises.
Lab rotations are designed to give the student a wide range of knowledge in cognitive neuroscience. The interdisciplinary nature of the program means that a student is not expected to know upon matriculation which professor or lab the student will ultimately choose to work in after all their rotations are completed.
When rotating through a lab, students will often be paired with a senior lab member (e.g., a postdoctoral fellow or senior grad student) to work on an ongoing research project; alternatively, they may be given a new project. Once the lab rotation comes to an end, students will not be expected to finish any project they have been working on while rotating. Should the student wish to complete work on a project, they could do so during the fall semester of their second year after all three lab rotations are completed. In any event, these are individual choices to be made jointly by the student and the professor of the relevant lab.
The core curriculum of the Program unfolds over the first two years. The coursework is necessarily more cohesive during the first year, diverging during the second year as each student focuses on their particular interests and on various requirements of the department with which they have chosen to affiliate. Students will be required to take 12 academic credit hours and 1 continuation credit each semester of their first two years. All students will take at least one elective course each semester of their second year in the area of their specific interests; generally, these will be expected to satisfy the requirements of the department with which they will affiliate (1- 3 credits each).
The organization of the curriculum is as follows:
Fall Semester of Year 1:
- Responsible Conduct in Research Training. This is a discussion course in research ethics required for all incoming Ph.D. students in biomedical programs at Duke. Students will attend a day-long meeting during their Orientation week. Students are then required to continue their training by attending at least three Responsible Conduct in Research Forums (making a total of 6 credit hours) within the first three years of their program of study. This number may be increased at any time to meet changes in federal regulations.
- Two week Neuroscience Bootcamp. 2 credits.
- Principles of Cognitive Neuroscience I. A comprehensive introduction to the field, including the neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and methodologies needed by cognitive neuroscientists. 3 credits.
- Cognitive Neuroscience Presentation Colloquium. Course designed to ensure that students become proficient in scientific presentations, of both their own work and that of others. The course entails a weekly lunchtime meeting at which students take turns presenting, each student typically presenting once per semester. Meetings include discussion and constructive feedback by the group, on both the scientific content and the effectiveness of the presentation. Registration required every Fall for all CNAP students until completion of degree. 1 credit.
- Optional elective 1 – 3 credits (e.g., Functional Magnetic Resonance. The course covers all aspects of functional magnetic resonance imaging, from its basic principles in physics, engineering, biophysics, and physiology; through computational, analytic, and signal processing issues; to its applications in neurobiology and cognitive neuroscience. The course will consist of weekly lectures and integrated laboratory sessions. Lectures will be given by BIAC faculty, and will incorporate primary readings in the field to encourage discussion. The laboratory sessions will involve analysis of fMRI data sets that illustrate issues discussed in the lectures. Students will gain experience both in the theoretical principles of fMRI and in the practical aspects of experimental design and data analysis.)
- First Laboratory Rotation: 3 – 5 credits
Spring Semester of Year 1:
- Neurobiology of Disease. Intensive January course. 2 credits.
- Principles of Cognitive Neuroscience II. Ongoing introduction to the scope of cognitive neuroscience and its methodology. 3 credits.
- Topics in Cognitive Neuroscience. Series of talks by faculty, local and external, on topics in cognitive neuroscience. Not a formal course, but students are expected to attend.
- Second Laboratory rotation: 5-7 credits
- Optional elective 1 – 3 credits
- Responsible Conduct in Research Training. Ongoing from the first semester; no credit
Summer Semester of Year 1:
- Third Laboratory Rotation: 5 credits
- Electives. All students will take at least one to two elective courses each semester in the area of their specific interests. These should count toward satisfying the requirements of the department with which they plan to affiliate in December of their second year.
- Student presentation course (fall semester). Ongoing from Year 1; 1 credit
- Fourth Laboratory rotation (optional)
Year 3 and Thereafter:
- The CN requirements are completed in year 2 and the student must then focus on completing department-specific requirements. However, students are expected to continue their involvement in the CN through The Thursday Talk Series and other CN events for the duration of their graduate study.
All students in the Program will be expected to teach during their graduate study as part of their graduate education. The number of teaching assistantships will vary based on the department they join although there will be a minimum of 2 teaching assistantships required. Teaching assistantships will generally take place in years 3 and 4 of graduate work.
Seminars and Talk Series
All students in the CN Admitting Program are expected to attend the Mind, Brain and Behavior Distinguished Lecture Series, as well as any other seminar series pertinent to cognitive neuroscience. These include the Topics in Cognitive Neuroscience Seminar Series, the Brain and Imaging Analysis (BIAC) Center Lecture Series, and the P&N colloquia Series. Students should also benefit from the less formal weekly offerings provided by the various journal clubs, and from the BIAC and Neurobiology seminar series. Especially important is the requirement that trainees participate in the Student Presentation Course (see above), where each trainee will develop and hone their presentation skills and get constructive feedback on any current research they may be undertaking as well as how to improve the effectiveness of their presentation(s). Students should register for this course every Fall for their first three years in graduate school. CN students are welcome to present each semester but a program requirement is that they present in their third and fifth year.
Grantsmanship and Career Development
All students in the graduate CN Admitting Program will be encouraged to write (and submit, if they qualify) NSF and/or individual NIH or NIMH/NRSA fellowship applications for additional training support.
It is important that students be prepared for both academic careers and for careers in areas of the private sector where individuals with training in cognitive neuroscience are sought out. Therefore, it is important that the program produce students who will handle themselves well in scientific presentation and in the job market. Two features of the curriculum already described will be especially valuable in this regard: teaching the elements of good presentation and encouraging students to write and submit NSF or NIH/NRSA grant proposals. The former will help the students learn how to present their science in lectures as academic scientists; the latter will help them become familiar with the major granting agencies for work in cognitive neuroscience. Trainees who write fellowship proposals during training, whether they receive them or not, are more likely to write successful grants later. Trainees will also gain valuable experience in the classroom as Teaching Assistants, as described above. Finally, students will be mentored in the process of submitting papers for publication, in how best to present papers at conferences, and what type of conferences are the most useful to attend.